Stem cell therapy involves the use of stem cells harvested from the body to treat various conditions and diseases. Our laboratory uses mesenchymal stem cells harvested from a patient's adipose (fat) tissue, in the layer of fat just beneath the skin. Research has shown adipose fat to be an abundant (quantities up to 2500 times those found in bone marrow) and reliable source of stem cells which are fairly easy to harvest and generally very robust.
The harvesting and administration of stem cells is done under local anaesthesia, under sterile conditions, and is completed within a few hours. A small amount of fat is removed from the patient and the stem cells separated from the remaining tissues using special enzymes and processing techniques. Once the stem cells are ready for use, they are either infused into the patient via intravenous drip or injected directly into the area of concern, depending on the condition being treated. The procedure is done on an outpatient basis and has minimal downtime or side effects. Results become apparent between 24 hours to 6 weeks post treatment. Depending on the condition treated, a follow-up treatment may be recommended 3 - 6 months after the first treatment.
Once the stem cells are administered to the patient, they seek out damaged tissues in need of repair. They also have the potential to form new cells of mesenchymal origin such as cartilage, bone, ligaments, tendons, nerves, fat, muscles, and blood vessels. The Cell Surgical Network has anecdotal and experimental evidence that stem cell therapy is effective in healing and regeneration although they are still awaiting the results of definitive studies demonstrating efficacy of stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy is ideal for patients who are looking for non-surgical alternatives to their degenerative/inflammatory/auto-immune disorders.